1874 - 1939
Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered the now famous tomb of the Egyptian Pharoah Tutankhamun in 1922 and is also credited with finding the remains of Queen Hatshepsut's tomb. He began his work as an archaeologist at the age of seventeen and rose quickly to become chief inspector of antiquities to the Egyptian government. He resigned from his post and encountered the Earl of Carnarvon, an English aristocrat interested in Egyptology who financed the research that led to the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb.
Carter's writing about his experiences was published between 1923 and 1933. He has been portrayed on film and television, and was a character in the Amelia Peabody novels written by fellow Egyptologist Dr Barbara Mertz.